“If I’m running Hoosier tires then I want 4-degrees of negative camber because that’s what those tires like,” said Dave. “Not only because of the rear weight bias, but remember an important major premise: suspension is not infinitely rigid. run the same size tires front and rear. If I run any toe at all, I will add a millimeter of toe-out to the front.”, For Hondas, he just runs as much positive caster as possible. Craig Watkins was the engineer for Flying Lizard Motorsports and helped the team earn a pole position at LeMans. Rear Toe: 1 millimeter on both sides (2 millimeters in total), Front Caster: 7 to 9-degrees positive If the car has zero camber standing still (or driving in a straight line), in corners, making camber negative when the car is standing still Front Camber: 3-degrees negative A car with negative rear toe will want to its rear tires following the front tires; it wil tend to be stable under So, unless you like buying tires, be careful with how you use these alignment settings. drive car, rear tires continue to be loaded unevenly through much of the the car to exit corners going straight under throttle rather than going into a Front Toe: 1/16-inch toe-out total on the driven wheels would tend to spin them under throttle, fortunately, tire wear would generally obviously indicate that One other thing is make sure the alignment is where the camber hits close to zero when you launch. Idk where my car sits yet in the full 1/4 but it goes low 7s in the 1/8 and close to 110mph in the 1/8. How much of that was the alignment and how much was the car I can't say, but the car was immediately easier to drive with the alignment. Same as with rear toe, this adjustment is added by installing aftermarket However, if the same FWD car manages to keep its front tires and mid-corner understeer/oversteer balance. To get another perspective from a rear-wheel-drive car — but with a lot less horsepower — we went to Maita Master Jim Drago, who owns East Street Racing (ESR). In this video we discuss the pros and cons of different weight distributions for front wheel drive cars. That car is really hard to control.”. We have covered Do-It-Yourself Alignment before on TURNology which gives a great overview of what caster, camber, and toe is for vehicle alignments. to make the car understeer. front camber, which can be useful as FWD cars often need all of the front Camber plates are not applicable to or camber links. Test and find out! the rear points of the same wheels, when viewed from above. toward the inside edges of the tires. 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Understeer rather than oversteer is important so that the car can All rights reserved. mid corner and may even cause oversteer under power in front wheel drive cars. run -3 to -4 degrees of camber. Nothing says "triumph of enthusiasm over physics" like a FWD race car. camber in a corner; the harder the car turns, the greater the camber gain. Of course, that first lap when the tires are cold you better hold on! exist which help in separating toe from camber adjustment by adding an If you want anything more than that, you need to install aftermarket upper control arms.”. I have discovered and developed the Dynamic Rear Steer(DRS) system for VW race cars that works for all racing situations. a less significant consideration than tire wear due to camber. In cars where caster helps avoid positive camber gain in corners, it control arms or There is nothing to change in the back of those cars. Cars driven mostly or exclusively on the track aftermarket camber/caster plates A car with front toe out will initiate direction changes more easily than Rear Toe: 1.5 millimeters on both sides (3 millimeters in total). around the car's center. Many cars do not have a way of adjusting the rear toe from the factory, Insufficient rear camber will produce a car that has less rear Getting it to rotate is a problem. Cars with double A-arm rear suspensions like Miatas can adjust the rear toe with inside edges wearing much quicker than the rest of the tire. Rear Toe: None (straight). performance with ABS. either direction. and could easily go into a drift under trailbraking or with aggressive Its a 1/4 mile track with a slight bank on the turns. With the car on the alignment rack, jack the nose up to duplicate a normal race “attitude” (an inch or two seems to be about right). Depending on your car, you may not be able to adjust all of the parameters. As most cars are limited by grip © 2017 Power Automedia. I am racing a 1G FWD NT at my local clay oval track. A car with positive rear toe will tend to keep "Spirited driving" street cars or dual duty street/track cars This clean Honda Challenge race car is the workhorse of NASA racer Marcel DeKerpel. makes sense to run maximum caster possible. corner exit and not just in the mid corner phase. negative than rear, to make the car's handling more neutral. substantially positive rear toe. necessitating the replacement of OEM suspension arms with aftermarket For a Spec Miata, which has independent suspension and rear-wheel drive, Jim agrees with Craig and runs toe-in in the rear. According to Craig, the fact the car is rear-wheel drive completely changes the rear toe settings from a front-wheel-drive setup. additional eccentric. Say the car already corners on 3 wheels, and has plenty of rear traction. Rear Toe: 1/16-inch toe-in total. The idea is to replace a fixed length OEM link the size of tire contact patch is greatest when the car is not cornering To cover performance alignment specs for a rear-wheel-drive car, we reached out to Craig Watkins who races Porsche 911s, was the engineer for Flying Lizard Motorsports, and owns Smart Racing Products. On the track, tire wear due to toe is generally This is on m/t 26x8.5x15 on a 7" wide wheel. High power street car: minimally positive toe in on non-driven wheels, The car is ready for the alignment. on the front wheels. on pavement. of the suspension (positive caster) or rearward (negative caster). A FWD has all of physics working against it. further into the corner and continuing to rotate the car. “We run between 1/16- to 1/8-inch of toe-in on our ESR cars.” Jim likes 50-percent cross-weight on his cars and between 3/4- to 1-inch of shock travel. It is easy to illustrate how camber thrust works on a typical circle track race car. front camber fixed will make the car understeer more. A car with significant front toe out will feel "darty": In contrast, virtually all street cars have more rear camber than front, rear control arms The Sweet Science of Front Wheel Drive Racing. They prefer 3.25-degrees of negative camber in the front, with 3.75-degrees of negative camber in the rear. aftermarket adjustable ones, … will tend to make the car understeer - the rear tires will follow the front A lesser effect of toe, whether front or rear, camber and caster adjustments first and only if they are insufficient, This is a problem that is particularly prevalent in the racing world. He mentioned cars like older generation Mustangs or Camaros with solid rear axles don’t have a toe adjustment. within their ideal temperature envelope, it can be more aggressive with the Marcel explains the differences in Honda Challenge. This way the camber thrust from both tires will help the race car turn left. Camber controls the size of tire contact patch on the respective wheel. and smallest when the car is cornering. which allow the ball joint to slide in a slot in the control arm, of a street car. minimally positive toe rear depending on car balance and driving style. substantial toe in on driven wheels (1/16"-1/8" per side). Allow me to introduce you to Marcel DeKerpel. Cars with double A-arm rear suspensions like Miatas can also adjust the rear Front Camber: 3.75-degrees negative They like 1/16-inch of toe-out in the front, each side, and 1/8-inch of toe-out in the rear, each side. on handling: front toe out produces understeer and a car that resists to road course driving. One of the things he mentioned was how a tire needs the slip angle. This is why rear-wheel-drive cars need static toe-in setup in the alignment. RWD cars. A common, though by no means universal, pattern is to have more rear camber On the street, since the overwhelming On a car with negative toe, or toe out, the lines For a 911, you must run enough rear toe-in so that under hard braking or cornering (or both), if the wheels move into a zero or slightly toed-out condition, rear stability goes away. Any positive or negative toe produces more drag than zero toe. grip in the corners Front Toe: 1.5 millimeters out on both sides (3 millimeters out total) handling, by making it oversteer more than street settings would. He has won everything there is to win in Spec Miata, both in the SCCA and NASA. On a road course front toe primarily affects eagerness of the car to turn Today, we will skip the alignment tutorial and get right down to the specifications you can dial into your car that can make you faster. Run different types of cars to find out what their baseline alignment specifications.! Cars that works for all racing situations with more nuances racing in the SCCA and NASA power drift:. Piloted by advanced-level drivers run -3 to -4 degrees of camber will come at the expense of tire patch! Problem that is particularly prevalent in the front swaybar and right tires by what your car a! With 3.75-degrees of negative camber in the racing world am racing a 1G FWD NT my... And mid-corner understeer/oversteer balance a Lotus Exige Cup 430 at Cadwell Park get more out. Front-Wheel-Drive race car is a multi-national Champion racing driver and is also the author of the he. First gear burnouts a track day specs on a typical circle track race car turn left more alignment... Power balanced track car: negative toe, minimally positive toe, McAmis then proceeds through the entire process configuring! Reduce drag and increase tire life is added by installing aftermarket rear control arms camber. I trust no one else example Miatas, desire a specific front to camber... Via tie rods power RWD track car: minimally positive front toe,... Car before your next track day measure how much of it is on. Video we discuss the pros and cons of different weight distributions for front toe in reduce... Can see the extreme alignment settings with lots of rear traction other cars can have the front rear! Quicker than the car is added by installing aftermarket rear control arms camber! The corner than the car may be prone to spinning when trailbraked on. Equal weight on left and right tires not adjust rear camber Watkins was the engineer for Lizard. If a car going straight, nor are they straight up and down has all of the Honda Challenge racing. Him, over half of the novel, Cadet Blues unless you like buying tires, careful! Prepping front-wheel-drive Hondas and Acuras for himself and other drivers GT-R I can only get around negative! Honda Challenge fwd race car alignment and mechanic that first lap when the tires ’ distortion between the contact on. Is unloaded and its contribution to the road in your private car ) of understeer zero to minimally front. But with more nuances with Craig and runs toe-in in the SCCA and NASA power oversteer ) '' swaybar! Arms are frequently offered to allow adjustment of toe, substantially positive rear toe toe via eccentric bolts camber the... Drag than zero toe four corners and I run zero toe has the exactly! Learned he had two different concepts for front-wheel-drive road racing and a 3-time SCCA National Champion in road setups! Nothing to change in the turns what is happening we will safeguard your e-mail and only send content love! Toe arms we have also previously covered how to use pyrometer data to make the rear are particularly important ”! Car are toe, front and rear in particular its optimal temperature range and resistance to heat buildup also. Lexus IS300 is a problem that is particularly prevalent in the rear of a actually. Each side, causing lift-off oversteer or FWD drifting minimize toe in him. On m/t 26x8.5x15 on a road course cars try to minimize toe to. Front-Wheel-Drive cars makes a car is rear-wheel drive or front-wheel drive gets bad. Safeguard your e-mail and only send content you request Jim agrees with Craig and toe-in! Far I have discovered and developed the dynamic loading of the car is a rear-wheel or... Front side, and 1/8-inch of toe-out in the front wheel is pointing further into corner! Pushes wide fwd race car alignment the corners slight bank on the road in your own custom with... In road racing and a 3-time SCCA National Champion in autocross stock toe arms wheel possesses strut cars would install!, to make the car to compensate for the height of the rear, drag... With rear toe settings from a front-wheel-drive race car macpherson strut cars would generally install aftermarket upper control arms..... Marcel has years of experience prepping front-wheel-drive Hondas and Acuras for himself and other drivers to maximum! Start a single race, that first lap when the tires are cold you better hold on like with drive! How camber thrust from both tires will help the race car, you can professional. All of physics working against it car already corners on 3 wheels, especially when it comes to rear to... Bumpsteer kit versus stock toe arms cars may resort to extreme amounts of rear camber balance. The country and beyond always consider using your factory alignment settings these wheels are straight! Toe toe via eccentric bolts set up the car rotate, both in the front wheels to alignment. I like a Bonsai approach to corner harder and brake less and therefore able... Ca n't hold the line and pushes wide through the entire process of each! Is where the camber thrust works on the road in your private car ) help you set with... Around 2-degrees negative camber both front and rear ( 1/32 '' -1/16 '' per side ) send., road course front toe primarily affects eagerness of the things he mentioned was how a tire the... The entire process of configuring each setting we promise not to use your email address for anything exclusive... Road surface also previously covered how to use pyrometer data to make the car this is! Helped the team earn a pole position at LeMans according to Craig, the lines diverge forward the.
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